Islamic Dinar and Dirham

Many people think that the Iraqi dinar and so forth are the same as the Islamic Dinar. So should I make a very clear explanation that the Iraqi dinar and the like are not the same and not the Islamic Dinar. Iraqi Dinar is the currency of plain paper, while the Islamic Dinar is a 22-carat gold coins 4:25 grams.

Further, for we know the Islamic Dinar is closer, here I take the description of the book Muhaimin Iqbal "Mengembalikan Kemakmuran Islam Dengan Dinar dan Dirham" (Restoring Prosperity With Islamic Dinar and Dirham) explaining details about the Islamic Dinar.

Money in its various forms as a medium of exchange trading has been known for thousands of years ago like in the history of ancient Egypt around 4000 BC - 2000 BC. In a more standard form of gold coins and silver was introduced by Julius Caesar of Rome circa 46 BC. Julius Caesar is also introducing a standard conversion of gold into silver, and vice versa with a ratio of 12: 1 for silver against gold. Standard Julius Caesar is valid in the European world for about 1250 years until the year 1204.

Elsewhere in the Muslim world, gold and silver money, known as Dinar and Dirham is also used since the beginning of Islam both for activities and worship muamalah like zakat and diyat until the end of the Turkish Ottoman Caliphate in 1924.

Standardization of Dinar and Dirham weight of money following the Hadith Prophet Muhammad, "Scales are scales Mecca residents, and the dose is the dose people of Madinah" (Narrated by Abu Daud).

At the time of Caliph Omar bin Khattab about the year 642 AD in conjunction with the first printing in the Ottoman dirham currency, the standard weight of the relationship between gold and silver money that is standardized weight of 7 dinars equal to the weight 10 Dirham.

Weight 1 Dinar is equal to 1 mitsqal or roughly equivalent to the weight of 72 medium-size grains of wheat which cut both ends. From Dinar Dinar-stored in the museum after the scales are weighed accurately with the known fact that the balance weight 1 Dinar Islamic money issued at the time of Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan is 4:25 grams, the weight is equal to the weight Byzantine currency called Solidos and eye Greek currency called Drachmas.

On the basis of the formula weight relationship between the dinar and the dirham and the dinar weighing in this museum, it can also be calculated weight of 1 dirham is 7 / 10 x 4.25 gram or equal to 2975 grams.

Until the mid 13th century both in Islamic countries or in non-Islamic country's history shows that gold currencies are relatively standard widely used. This is not surprising because since the beginning of its development-even the Muslims many trade travel to a distant land. Diversity in the European currency later began when the Republic of Florence in Italy in 1252 to print his own money is called the gold Florin, followed by the Republic of Venice with his money, called Ducat.

In the late 13th century it started to spread Islam Europe with the establishment of the reign of Ottoman history and the milestones achieved in 1453 when Muhammad Al Fatih conquered Constantinople, and of unification of the entire power Ottoman Caliphate.

For seven centuries from the 13th century until the early 20th century, Dinar and Dirham is the currency most widely used. Use of Dinar and Dirham covers the whole of Ottoman rule that covers three continents, southern and eastern Europe, northern Africa and parts of Asia.

At the height of glory in the 16th century Ottoman rule and 17 extending from the Strait of Gibraltar in the west (in 1553 reached the Atlantic coast of North Africa) until most of the archipelago in the east, then from some of Austria, Slovakia and Ukraine in the north to Sudan and Yemen in the south. When coupled with previous Islamic heyday from the early prophetic Rasululullah SAW (610) then the whole Dinar and Dirham is the currency used by most modern long (14 century) in human history.

Besides gold and silver, both in Islamic and non Islamic country also known as a coin made of copper or bronze. In Islamic jurisprudence, gold and silver known as the ultimate medium of exchange (thaman haqiqi or thaman khalqi) while the money from copper or bronze is known as the filthy lucre and a medium of exchange based on agreements or thaman istilahi. In terms of nature that has no intrinsic value of its exchange rate, money is closer to the nature of paper money as we know it today.

Dinar and Dirham's been around since before Islam was born, because Dinar (Dinarium) have been used in previous Roman and the dirham has been used in Persia. We know that anything that existed before Islam, but after the decline of Islam is not prohibited or even used by the Prophet Muhammad, then it is a statute (Taqrir) Prophet Muhammad, which means to be part of Islam itself, Dinar and Dirham in this category .

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